Reiche in China möchten auswandern

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group Ltd in Hongkong hat folgenden interessenanten Bericht aus der China Daily vom 3. November 2011 zur Verfügung gestellt (sofern eine Übersetzungshilfe benötigt wird, bitte per Email melden):

About 60 percent of the rich Chinese people, each of whom has a net asset of at least 60 million yuan ($9.44 million), said they intended to migrate from China, a report has found.

About 14 percent of them have either already migrated from China or have applied for migration.

The three most favored destinations by the Chinese rich are the United States, Canada and Singapore. The US is the first choice of some 40 percent of the people interviewed, according to a white paper jointly released by Hurun Report and the Bank of China (BOC) on Saturday.

According to US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), the number of Chinese applicants for investment immigration has exceeded applications from any other country or region.

Last year, the USCIS issued 772 EB-5 visas, meant for investor immigrants, to Chinese people. They account for 41 percent of the total EB-5 visas issued by the agency.

“Among all the destinations in terms of investment immigration, the US always outstand all other options as the country does not impose any quota,” said Jiao Lingyan, a client executive of the investment immigration department of the Beijing-based GlobeImmi International Education Consultation Co.

“The minimum amount required for investment immigration to the US is $500,000. But it should be noted that this applies to investments in projects recommended by authorities in the US. People considering these projects should take into account that they may not make profits,” Jiao said.

“It is worth noting that the minimum amount for investment immigration will be raised in the coming years, because the number of rich people in China is rapidly growing,” she said.

Among the 980 people interviewed by Hurun Report and the BOC, one-third said they have assets overseas, which on an average account for 19 percent of their total assets.

While 32 percent of the interviewees said they have invested overseas with a view to immigrate, half of them said they did so mainly for the sake of their children’s education.

Zhang Yuehui, a Beijing-based immigration expert, said children’s education is also the top concern among those who want to immigrate.

“A growing number of parents in China have realized that children growing up in the examination-oriented education system in China will find it hard to compete in an increasingly globalized world,” Zhang said.

Wang Lilan, 38, a mother of two who immigrated to Australia from her home province of Fujian two years ago, was one of those parents.

“My 12-year-old elder daughter used to do her homework very late into the night. But here in Australia, she does quite a lot practical assignment, in a playful way. And she has more spare time to do the things she likes,” Wang said.

“I feel very delighted to see my children having fun while studying,” Wang said.

Chinese immigrants are also getting younger, with the largest group aged between 25 and 30, compared to the 40-45 age group in the past, Zhang said.

 

Verbraucher in China im Fokus

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group, Ltd. berichtet aus Shanghai, dass der riesige Verbrauchermarkt in China nach einer Untersuchung von PricewaterhouseCoopers die Invesitionsentscheidungen großer Unternehmen in den kommenden 3 bis 5 Jahren entscheidend beeinflussen wird.

Danach ergab sich in einer Umfrage, dass 44% der Führungskräfte im asiatisch-pazifischen Raum Asien und dort besonders China als Ziel für größere Investitionen in den kommenden drei bis fünf Jahren ausgewählt haben. Als Grund gaben sie an, dass sie von der steigenden Kaufkraft der Verbraucher in der Region überzeugt seien.

Ferner teilten 55% der befragten Vorstandsmitglieder und Unternehmer, die in China investieren wollen, mit, dass ihre Investitionen in Konsumenten – bezogene Projekte fließen werden.

Nur 11% votierten für die USA als bevorzugtes Investitionsland.

Offizielle Zahlen belegen, dass Chinas Wirtschaft im dritten Quartal um 9,1% (gegenüber 1,6% in den USA und 1,6% in der Eurozone im zweiten Quartal) gewachsen ist.

Die Umfrage wurde von Juli bis September dieses Jahres unter 320 führenden Wirtschaftsvertreten  durchgeführt.

PwC hat Expansionspläne in China

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group Ltd. berichtet von beeindruckenden Expansionsplänen, die die internationale Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft PwC in China hat.

Hier ein Bericht aus der heutigen Shanghai Daily:

PWC will continue to invest in China and won’t cut its exposure to Chinese companies seeking overseas listing despite the dilemma that “have caught auditors in the middle” between United States and Chinese regulators over allegations of fraud at US-listed Chinese corporations.

The world’s biggest accounting firm by revenue will open five new offices in China in five years to bring its total to 20 and also expand its employee numbers to ride on the country’s growth, Dennis M. Nally, chairman of PricewaterhouseCoopers International Ltd told Shanghai Daily in an interview in the city on Saturday.

“To deal with what we consider to be the opportunities here reflecting clients’ base, we are adding our investment in China significantly,” he said.

The London-headquartered firm will hire another 3,000-plus employees in China in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2012, including 2,000 new university graduates and 1,000 experienced personnel.

That was more than 10 percent of the firm’s global recruitment plan of 20,000 new graduates and 5,000 experienced staff.

Its plan is in contrast with the chilly winter the “Big Four” firms faced in the financial crisis of 2008 when layoffs, salary freezes, and no-pay holidays were common in China despite the country’s economic growth. The firm has a 16 percent turnover rate globally.

Indeed PwC’s confidence to keep investing in China comes when suspected frauds at US-listed Chinese companies have raised questions about corporate governance in China.

A US federal court has already ordered Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, another Big Four auditing firm, to hand over records on software company Longtop Financial Technologies, a former client.

Deloitte said it could not produce the requested documents without approval from the Chinese regulatory authorities. Auditors were caught in the middle as both US and Chinese regulators have their own policy regarding scrutiny of documents.

Last week, Reuters reported that China’s financial regulators have reportedly asked the world’s biggest audit firms, including PwC, to urgently review their work on US-listed Chinese companies and provide detailed information they may have provided to overseas regulators.
 

Webinars zu China Geschäften in deutsch

Henning Schwarzkpf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group Ltd. kündigt für die kommenden Wochen regelmäßig stattfindende Webinars an, bei der Fachleute aus den Gebieten Wirtschaft, Finanzierung, Recht und Steuern in deutsch zu Themen referieren und Fragen beantworten werden, die für Unternehmen bei China Geschäften relevant sind.

Nähere Information zu den Zeiten und Daten sowie zum Zugang zu den Websinars erfahren Sie, wenn Sie eine Mail an info@cheuram.com senden.

Einzelhandelsumsätze in Shanghai steigen um 12%

Henning Schwarzkopf der CHEUAM Consulting Group Ltd. berichtet aus Shanghai, dass das dortige Statistische  Landesamt (Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau) in seinen jüngsten Berechnungen einen Anstieg der Einzelhandelsumsätze um 12% (auf Jahresbasis) auf 676 Milliarden yuan (EUR 76,9 Millarden) für dieses Jahr vorausgesagt hat.

Es führt aus, dass die Umsätze sich im dritten Quartal dieses Jahres kontinuierlich erhöht haben.

Markenschutz bzw. Brand Protection in China

Es kann nicht häufig und nachdrücklich genug hervorgehoben werden, wie wichtig es ist, die eigene Handelsmarke, Gebrauchsmuster und Patente in China zu schützen, also effektives ”brand protection” zu veranlassen, um zu verhindern, dass einheimische Unternehmen dem ausländischen Anbieter zuvorkommen und “schon da” sind, wenn dieser erst mit den Marketingvorbereitungen beginnt - der chinesische Markt ist dann für ihn geschlossen.

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group Limited stellt hier einen Beitrag von Terence Tam des Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) zur Verfügung, der diese Situation zusammenfasst und Maßnahmen schildert.

Fragen Sie uns bei Bedarf! Die Verbindung zu Spezialisten in Hongkong und China stellen wir gern her

 

 

Monatlicher China Workshop in Hamburg

Im Büro der CHEURAM Consulting Group Ltd. in Hamburg findet jeden Monat ein unverbindlicher Informationsaustausch statt, bei dem Fachreferenten zu wirtschaftlichen, rechtlichen und steuerlichen Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten im Zusammenhang mit geschäftlichen Aktivitäten in China berichten.

Diese  Veranstaltung richtet sich an Unternehmer und Dienstleister, die planen, sich dort zu engagieren aber auch solche, die dort bereits aktiv sind und Fragen haben oder ihre Erfahrungen weitergeben. Sie findet von 17 bis 20 Uhr statt.

Die Teilnahme ist kostenlos, eine vorheige Anmeldung unter info@cheuram.com oder (040) 32 43 33 ist erforderlich.

Shanghai – Neue Möglichkeiten im Dienstleistungssektor

Wie Henning Schwarzkopf berichtet, wurde Shanghai als “Pilot” – Stadt bei der Entwicklung einer modernen Dienstleistungsbranche in China ausgewählt.

Das Wirtschaftsministerium wird dafür einen noch nicht festgelegten Investionsbetrag bereitstellen, um insbesondere den Finanzsektor, die Schiffahrt, Handel und Forschung in der Stadt zu fördern.

Dabei werden ausgewählte Projekte finanziell unterstützt, vor allem im Stadtteil Pudong, im Hongqiao Business Park  und entlang des Huangpu Flusses.

Das dürfte auch für ausländische, speziell deutsche Unternehmen interessant sein.

Privat- und Geschäftsfliegerei wird die kommende Wachstumsmaschine

Wie Henning Schwarzkopf aus Shanghai berichtet und wie in China Daily sehr gut zusammenfassend dargestellt, steht die Branche “Privat-/Geschäftsflugzeug” in China vor einer gewaltigen Entwicklung, für die sich auch europäische, speziell deutsche Anbieter und Dienstleister positionieren sollen:

The general aviation aircraft industry is becoming the next driver of the
Chinese economy, according to officials and experts.

“China’s economy has had different engines boosting its development in
different periods. At first, it was home appliances, then it was cars, but now
the general aviation industry’s time is coming,” said Jin Qiansheng, an
official with the Yanliang National Aviation High-tech Industrial Base in
Xi’an, capital city of northwest Shaanxi province.

Jin made the remarks at the International General Aviation Convention in
Xi’an that ended earlier this week. A total of 35 investment contracts totaling
9.6 billion yuan ($1.5 billion) were clinched during the five-day convention.

China’s civil aviation authorities have estimated that by 2020 the country
will need more than 9,000 aircraft in the general aviation field. Related
industries, led by the booming general aviation industry, will add a huge
market valued about 60 billion yuan.

General aviation refers to flights other than military and scheduled airline
and regular cargo flights, both private and commercial.

“The general aviation industry has a longer industrial chain which
could create more job opportunities and government revenue compared to the car
and real estate industries,” said Gao Yuanyang, a professor with the
Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

“In the long run, its contribution to China’s economy will grow
significantly — just like it has in the United States, which currently has
230,000 general aviation aircraft contributing $150 billion to its economy
every year,” Gao added.

The main task facing the industry is the exploration of its full potential,
said Xia Qunlin, vice president of China National Helicopter Corporation.

“It is estimated that a mature general aviation industry can add a
growth of five to eight percent to the GDP. The economic scale of China’s
general aviation industry reached about 12 billion yuan in 2010, but there is
still a large gap from reaching the goal of the industry,” said Xia.

“Now it’s time to start this engine,” said Meng Xiangkai,
president of the General Airplane Company of the Aviation Industry Corporation
of China (AVIC).

In December last year, China’s State Council and the Central Military
Commission jointly released an order to open part of the country’s low-altitude
airspace to promote the general aviation sector, including the purchase and use
of private planes.

The Chinese government also said in its 12th Five-Year Plan for 2011-2015
period that it will promote the general aviation industry’s development, reform
the airspace management system and increase the efficiency of the allocation
and utilization of airspace resources.

Nearly 20 provinces and regions are making plans for the general aviation
industry, and 14 of them have put developing the general aviation industry into
their 12th Five-Year plans, according to Jin Junhao, an official with the
industry regulator, the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC).

“It’s not surprising that local governments are doing this, if you take
into consideration the industry’s growing contribution to local economies,”
said Lin Mingyang, director of the China branch of Textron, a company known for
its Bell helicopters and Cessna aircraft.

In the Commonwealth of Virginia, 57 general aviation airports generate 5,200
jobs and economic activity worth about $730 million, Lin said, citing an
example from the United States.

“With government support, more investment and
a better understanding of general aviation from the public, the industry will
boom in the next 20 years,” said Jin.

 

Handel zwischen Deutschland und China erreicht neue Höhen

Das Handelsvolumen zwischen  Deutschland und China erreicht neue Höhen. Das ist jedoch nicht nur einseitig, sondern beinhaltet auch chinesische Investitionen in Deutschland. Hier ein Artikel aus der China Daily zum Thema:

Trade between China and Germany is expected to reach new highs, as mutual
trade and investment will continue expanding, Chinese Ambassador Wu Hongbo said
Friday.

Bilateral trade between China and Germany, both economic powers in the
world, totalled $142.4 billion in 2010, Wu told a press briefing.

The prospect of bilateral trade remains promising for the rest of this year,
as it already hit $127 billion in the first nine months, despite the sweeping
global economic and financial crisis, he said.

While mutual direct investment has gained momentum in recent years, a huge
imbalance still exists. According to official statistics, German direct
investment in China had reached $18.03 billion by the end of August, more than
10-fold that of Chinese direct investment in Germany, which stood at only $1.73
billion.

As Chinese investment accounts for only 0.3 percent of Germany’s total
foreign direct investment, Chinese enterprises have huge potential to increase
direct investment to Germany.

“The economic structures of the two countries are reciprocally
complementary than competitive,” Wu said, noting that Chinese enterprises
are encouraged to expand various forms of cooperation with their German
counterparts.

“This will be conducive to bringing to full play China’s comparative
advantages in manufacturing and Germany’s technological ones,” he said.
“It will help open more sales channels in the Chinese market for German
products and will also help boost employment in Germany.”

Of the 1,300 Chinese-funded enterprises which have set up branch offices in
Germany, Shenyang Machine Tool (Group) Co Ltd is a good example. It has
ploughed an accumulative investment worth some 200 billion dollars since it
acquired the German company SCHIESS in 2004.

Among major Chinese enterprises which have stepped
up direct investment in Germany, Huawei, a leading global networking and
telecommunication provider, has also established its European headquarters and
R&D center in Germany.